Hello, I'm Jason Stephenson and I have been involved with meditation for many years. Over the years I have had many people ask me for my best meditation tips for beginners so I thought I should write my best tips down and share them in an article. I hope you find them helpful.
1. Make Meditation Be A Regular Practice
The easiest way to practice meditation regularly is to do it when we are alert, relaxed and energized. Most people practice it in the morning when their energy level rises. There is no point in forcing ourselves to meditate if we are drowsy. Actually, any kind of force is not allowed. Also, taking the instructions from a meditation teacher and our meditating in a group help us in maintaining it into a regular daily practice.
2. Setting Time
Today exist a lot of timer apps which can help meditators in setting the desirable duration of the meditation. Beginners can set the timer on 15 minutes or so. In this way, they will not lose the track while they are still learning the new way of operating of their mind.
3. Noise Is Our Friend
Even when we think that we found the quiet place without distractions for meditating, we have to keep in mind that there will be no perfect conditions for it. The traffic jam, the loud sirens of the ambulance cars pass from time to time, neighbours listen the annoying music, the drums beats from the street parade come to us as well. This noise which distracts us from effective meditating we can turn into the meditation, too. All the sounds that come to us we observe as they are. We dont try to fix them in any way. We dont say to ourselves: Whats that noise? I cannot meditate because of all that noise! Instead of our minds complaining and making excuses we embrace them all. When we become aware of the sounds as they are, we will notice the gap between them. The gap with profound silence. The insight into the appreciation of all the sounds that come to us.
Since the moment were born we have been told that we should have some purpose in our life. Our actions are oriented towards results and internal and external expectations. We are attached to some ideas how our life should look like.
Usually, we are attached to our memories and past experiences, too. But, meditations occurs in here and now without any attachments to our purpose, expectations and concepts. Our self-discovery happens in here and now, not in the past or the future. If we expect benefits of meditation (happiness, relaxation, better memory, adopting new skills and powers etc.), then we are attached to the results and we miss the whole point. Also, If the thoughts of expectations about the meditation itself appear to us while we meditate, we acknowledge them and let them come and go. Then, we focus our attention to our breath, mantra or some other object of meditation.
As individuals age, they start to complain more of pains in their muscular tissues and joints. They appear to stiffen up with age, and such typical activities as bending over for the early morning paper could make them dread doing that.
Such discomfort could believed to be that it all starts deep in their bones. However the genuine source of stiffness and also pain exists not in the joints or bones, if latest research is to the believed from the Johns Hopkins Medical School, but in the muscles as well as supporting soft tissues like tendons, ligaments, and fascia.
Flexibility is the clinical term utilized to describe the variety of a joint's activity from complete activity in one direction to full activity in the other. The greater the variety of movement, the more versatile the joint.
If you bend forward at the hips as well as touch your toes with your fingertips, you have excellent flexibility, or range of movement of the hip joints. Yet can you bend over conveniently with a marginal expense of power as well as pressure? The effort called for to flex a joint is equally as crucial as its range of movement.
Different elements limit the versatility and ease of motion in various joints as well as muscle mass. In the elbow joint and knee, the bony structure itself establishes a maximum limitation. In various other joints, such as the ankle, hip, and back, the soft tissues-- muscle mass and also connective tissue-- restrict the movement mostly.
The trouble of inflexible joints as well as muscular tissues is similar to the difficulty of opening and also shutting a gate that is hardly ever used and also corroded joints that has actually become too difficult to move.
For this reason, if people do reduce their muscles and also joints through full ROM, they gradually lose their capacity for pain free mobility and become increasingly disabled. That is why when these individuals will attempt to move a joint after an extended period of inactivity, they feel discomfort, and that dissuades further use
Exactly what happens following is that the muscles come to be shortened with prolonged disuse and generates contractions as well as pains that can be bothersome and very uncomfortable. The immobilization of muscles, as researchers have actually shown with laboratory animals, brings about scar tissue through biochemical changes in the tissue.
Nonetheless, various other elements initiate muscle pain. Below are several of them:
1. Too Strenous Work Outs
Is it "No pain, no gain?" If you do believe that it is not so unexpected if you have actually experienced aching muscular tissues and swollen joints.
The issue with many people is that they exercise way too much thinking that it is the fastest and the best way to lose weight. Till they ache, they tend to disregard their muscle pain and try to push through it all
2. Aging And Reduced Activity
Connective tissue binds muscular tissue to bone by ligaments, binds bone to bone by tendons, and covers as well as unites muscular tissues with sheaths called fasciae. With age, the ligaments, ligaments, as well as fasciae become much less flexible and heals slower from injury. The tendons, with their densely packed fibers, are the most tough to stretch. The simplest are the fasciae. However if they are not stretched to enhance joint flexibility, the fasciae shrinks, putting unnecessary pressure on the nerve paths in the muscle fasciae. Numerous pains and also discomforts are the outcome of nerve impulses following these pressured paths.
Aching muscles or muscle pain can be excruciating, owing to the body's reaction to a cramp or ache. In this reaction, called the splinting reflex, the physical body immediately paralyzes a sore muscular tissue by making it agreement. Hence, an aching muscle could trigger a vicious cycle pain.
Initially, an unused muscle comes to be sore from workout or being held in an unusual position. The body then responds with the splinting response, minimizing the connective tissue around the muscle. This source a lot more pain, as well as eventually the whole location is aching. One of one of the most typical websites for this issue is the reduced back.
4. Spasm Theory
In the human physiology research laboratory at the University of Southern California, some stuies have set out to discover more regarding this pattern of pain and loss of function in joints and muscles.
Making use of electromyography, they measured electrical impulses in the muscles. The scientists recognized that typical, well-relaxed muscles produce no electrical activity, whereas, muscular tissues that are not totally relaxed show significant activity.
In one experiment, the scientists gauged these electrical signals in the muscles of individuals with sports injuries, first with the muscle as normal, and afterwards, after the muscle had been stretched.
In nearly every case, works out that stretched or lengthened the muscular tissue lessened electric activity and eased discomfort, either absolutely or partly.
These experiments resulted in the "spasm theory," a description of the development and also persistence of muscular tissue discomfort in the lack of any sort of obvious reason, such as stressful injury.
According to this concept, a muscular tissue that is worn or made use of in a weird posture comes to be fatigued and also because of this, pain arises in the tissue.
Thus, it is very vital to know the limitations and also capability of the muscles in order to stay clear of sore muscular tissues. This visits show that there is no truth in claiming, "No pain, no gain." Take your workout slowly at first to avoid injury. Increase the intensity step by step and get supervsion from an expert. This will make it less likely to suffer injury.
DISCLAIMER: Nothing in this article is intended to be used as a substitute for advice of a physician. Do not modify your diet, exercises, or medications without first seeking the advice of a physician. Information on this site is for information purposes only. No claims have been approved by the FDA unless otherwise indicated.
If you have/were involved in an accident that resulted in head injuries, but aren't sure what to do next, the best thing you can do for yourself is hiring an attorney to represent you. This is important especially if the accident was due to someone's negligence or carelessness among other factors. With stress and medical bills mounting up, finding a legal representative to help you find justice and get compensation for the same is a wise idea.
Handling negotiations with an insurance company, or their lawyers, for that matter, can be stressful especially with your present condition. This is one of the reasons most people prefer having brain injury compensation lawyers representing them in such negotiations. Outlined below are some of the reasons you too should consider hiring a brain injury attorney to represent you.
1. Specialization and personalized service: Brain injury compensation lawyers specialize in such cases, meaning they are better armed/equipped than a general family attorney is. These lawyers understand how critical brain injuries are, and work their best to protect your interests. Based on their specialty (handling brain injury related cases), these lawyers understand everything from the complicated paperwork filling procedures to the statute of limitations about the case. These attorneys handle each case uniquely to ensure their clients are compensated handsomely.
2. Proper legal representation: Sitting at the same table with experienced attorneys from the offending side, or insurance company, can be intimidating. Most lawyers will look for your weaknesses then exploit them hence forcing you to bury the case. Nonetheless, having an experienced attorney to represent you puts you in a better position in winning the case. This is also one of the reasons you should hire an attorney with a squeaky-clean record, and an excellent one, to find justice.
3. Peace of mind: Having a reputable and experienced attorney by your side is relaxing in itself. These experts work to ensure their clients are well compensated and that their rights are respected regardless of their current situation. Having the lawyers handle all the legal errands for you also gives you time to relax and recover from these injuries. They understand you need everything going your way, which is the reason these attorneys work hard to ensure your privacy or peace is not invaded.
4. They are affordable: While most legal fees can be expensive, most brain injury compensation lawyers work on a contingency fee. This means you only get to pay them after the case is over, and you have won. This is partly one of the reasons these lawyers strive to ensure the case is ruled in your favor. Most of these and similar personal injury cases never see a court door, but rather end up in negotiations. With a seasoned attorney representing you, you can rest assured that he/she will only go for the greatest compensation possible before settling. It is, however, advisable to window shop for, and hire the most affordable attorney locally to avoid having half your compensation covering the legal fees.
You shouldn't be ashamed of your condition especially if someone is responsible. Find a good personal injury attorney to advise you on the best way to go.
The Weight of Exercise in Treating and Preventing Diabetes.
Everyone should exercise, yet the health experts tells us that only 30 % of the United States population gets the recommended thirty minutes of daily physical activity, and 25 % are not active at all. In fact, inactivity is thought to be one of the key reasons for the surge of type 2 diabetes in the U.S., because inactivity and obesity promote insulin resistance.
The good news is that it is never too late to get moving, and exercise is one of the easiest ways to start controlling your diabetes. For people with type 2 diabetes in particular, exercise can improve insulin sensitivity, lower the risk of heart disease, and promote weight loss.
Type 2 Diabetes Growing Faster Than The Population in America
Diabetes is on the rise. The number of people diagnosed with diabetes every year increased by 82 percent between 1995 and 2010, according to the CDC. Nearly all the new cases are Type 2 Diabetes, or adult-onset, the kind that moves in around middle age. Symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes include increased thirst, appetite, and need to urinate; feeling tired, edgy, or sick to the stomach; blurred vision; tingling or loss of feeling in the hands.
The causes of type 2 diabetes are complex and not completely understood, although research is uncovering new clues at a rapid pace.
However, it has already been proven that one of the reasons for the boom in type 2 diabetes is the widening of waistbands and the trend toward a more deskbound and inactive lifestyle in the United States and other developed countries.
For this reason, health experts encourage those who already have type 2 diabetes to start employing the wonders that exercise can do for them. Without exercise, people have the tendency to become obese. Once they are obese, they have bigger chances of accumulating type 2 diabetes.
Today, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services reports that over 80 percent of people with type 2 diabetes are clinically overweight. Therefore, it is high time that people, whether inflicted with type 2 diabetes or not, should start doing those jumping and stretching activities.
The first order of business with any exercise plan, especially if you are a "dyed-in-the-wool" sluggish, is to consult with your health care provider. If you have cardiac risk factors, the health care provider may want to perform a stress test to establish a safe level of exercise for you.
Certain diabetic complications will also dictate what type of exercise program you can take on. Activities like weightlifting, jogging, or high-impact aerobics can possibly pose a risk for people with diabetic retinopathy due to the risk for further blood vessel damage and possible retinal detachment.
If you are already active in sports or work out regularly, it will still benefit you to discuss your regular routine with your doctor. If you are taking insulin, you may need to take special precautions to prevent hypoglycemia during your workout.
For those who have type 2 diabetes, your exercise routine can be as simple as a brisk nightly neighborhood walk. If you have not been very active before now, start slowly and work your way up. Walk the dog or get out in the yard and rake. Take the stairs instead of the elevator. Park in the back of the lot and walk. Every little bit does work, in fact, it really helps a lot.
As little as 15 to 30 minutes of daily, heart-pumping exercise can make a big difference in your blood glucose control and your risk of developing diabetic complications. One of the easiest and least expensive ways of getting moving is to start a walking program. All you need is a good pair of well-fitting, supportive shoes and a direction to head in.
Indeed, you do not have to waste too many expenses on costly "health club memberships," or the most up-to-date health device to start pumping those fats out. What you need is the willingness and the determination to start exercising to a healthier, type 2 diabetes-free life.
The results would be the sweetest rewards from the effort that you have exerted.
DISCLAIMER: Nothing in this article is intended to be used as a substitute for advice of a physician. Do not modify your diet, exercises, or medications without first seeking the advice of a physician. Information on this site is for information purposes only. No claims have been approved by the FDA unless otherwise indicated.
Cordyceps Sinensis is a very rare Chinese mushroom, which flourishes on insect larvae. For many years, this plant has always been used in Chinese medicine because of its amazing medicinal properties. Today, it is widely used in cancer prevention, treatment and even athletic enhancements.
These plants only grow and flourish in the famous mountains of Tibet. This has caused dedicated hunters to scour the mountains to locate these beneficial fungi. Traditionally, these plants were used by the Chinese to treat various diseases. However, recent findings show that, these plants are very important in fighting cancer.
Therefore, the question is; what are the benefits of Cordyceps Sinensis in cancer fighting?
1. Reduce The Effects Of Cancer Radiation Treatment
These plants are so effective in increasing the spleen that helps it in fighting out harmful substances in the blood. It does also increase the levels of proteins, RNA and DNA in the spleen to promote faster healing.
2. Restful Night
It is a known fact that sleep is very important and it helps in boosting the overall human health. Cordyceps promote a more restful sleep. This is because it has a calming effect on the nervous system that helps in reducing nervous stress and anxiety. It makes sleep more productive.
3. Rejuvenating Male Sex Abilities
According to research, it showed that these plants aid in male sex hormone which helps in bringing back those youthful days as well as stamina. This makes it the best product for those who had suffered from prostate cancer.
4. Reducing Respiratory And Asthma Problems
Cordyceps does also relax the bronchial walls and offers anti-inflammatory properties. Therefore, it is effective against respiratory issues, asthma, phlegm and even coughs.
5. Increasing Energy Level
It does have the ability to increase ATP production in people's cells and hence increases energy level.
6. Lower Blood Pressure And Increases Blood Supply
Research has showed that when a person is diagnosed with cancer, they tend to believe they are alone in it. this may cause other problems such as high blood pressure, heart and other related diseases due to stress and anxiety. Well, this product helps in slowing down the heart rate, increase the total blood volume, which increases the blood supply to the arteries. Cordyceps work by relaxing the blood vessel walls so that the blood flow could increase to the heart and hence reducing the blood pressure.
7. Nutrition And Food Absorption
When a person has been diagnosed with cancer, they require all the important nutrients to the body to facilitate faster healing. When you have Cordyceps working for you, the food you eat is more fully absorbed into your body. It also helps your body make more efficient use of nutrients and protein from your food, so you will have all the necessary building blocks for good health.
According to latest research; it showed that Cordyceps have the power to improve muscle building capacity as well as performance; though it does not contain even a single measure of steroidal ingredients. because of this, it does offer many benefits to the vascular system through improving blood circulation.
As such, cases of high blood pressure and other heart-related issues are reduced from occurring. becasue of this, it is able to strengthen respiratory power for people who require extra energy to perform physical exercises. moreover, it is the best for those people who suffer from lung power deficiency.
More than a half a million people annually suffer from a head injury that requires hospitalization. These injuries are often the result of falls, recreational accidents, automobile accidents and workplace accidents. These accidents may cause bleeding in the brain, nerve damage or even an infection of the brain. If you or a loved one are involved in an accident that causes a head injury, a brain injury claims lawyer can help you get the money you need to pay for medical bills as well as compensation for loss time at work and your pain and suffering.
When you suffer from a traumatic brain injury, a variety of tests will need to be done by a medical professional, including CT scans and MRI's. Additionally, you may also require a variety of medical treatments like speech therapy, physical therapy and occupational therapy. During your treatment, you will see a variety of physicians and specialists, including a neurologist, a neurosurgeon and a trauma physician.
A traumatic brain injury can have lifelong consequences. After a brain injury, patients may experience speech difficulties, gait problems, memory issues and even paralysis. Some of these issues may improve with time, while other issues can continue throughout your life.
A brain injury claims attorney will help you navigate the legal system to get the money you need to pay your medical bills, get your medications and medical devices and provide you with an income should you no longer be able to work. The amount of compensation you are entitled to is determined by the court system.
When you first contact an attorney, the attorney will determine who is at fault for the injury. This will help the attorney develop a case to get your the money you require. Traumatic brain injury claims are multifaceted and require an attorney who is knowledgeable of the laws surrounding injuries.
There are two different legal theories when it comes to an accidental injury. Negligence is one theory. Negligence occurs when a person fails to exercise reasonable care to keep you from having an accident. Negligence cases result when someone's inaction or action causes the injury. The other theory is liability. This legal theory is when a product you have used caused the injury.
Filing a brain injury lawsuit takes time. Before a case can be filed with the court system, your doctors will need to develop a treatment plan and your brain must have had time to heal and recover as best it can. Once enough time has passed, the traumatic brain injury claims lawyer will file an injury case with the court systems. Whether your injury is caused by an individual, a corporation or a manufacturer, a traumatic brain injury attorney will work hard to ensure you get fair compensation for your case.
The courts will award you a financial settlement based on your prognosis. In addition to paying your medical bills, the responsible party will be required to compensate you for future doctor visits, lost time at work and your pain and suffering.
Alpha brain is a nootropic that is produced by onnit labs. This product is the best in the market and boosts memory. It will help you to improve your energy, focus as well as improve your cognitive ability. The ingredients are natural and are effective in promoting your health. In case you have been wondering about the price, validity and efficacy, here is a honest alpha brain review with an objective opinion to answer all your questions. Read on to find out whether you should buy this nootropc or not.
The effects of this product will be reduced when you take proteins, fruits, fats and a lot of vegetables. It will also reduce if you exercise lot, get enough sleep and live a healthy lifestyle. It will be most effective for people who are busy with their responsibilities. This does not mean that it does not work for those with s healthy lifestyle.
Generally, Nootropics are considered to be safe for use. However, there are some side effects that you will get from using this product. These side effects depend on you as an individual. There are those who do not experience these side effects. There are those who experience pressure on the jaw or headaches that is caused by an increase in acetylcholine levels and dreams cased by huperzia serrata. Generally, this product is safe but varies from one person to the next. It is not suitable for those who have low blood pressure.
It has several benefits given that it is made of a whole range of ingredients. These benefits you will only get by buying it. Some of the benefits are improved sleep, lucid dreaming, improved focus and improved learning ability.
It is good to know the price of a nootropic before making a purchase. The dosage is two capsules every day. You will get two bottles for $59.41. It is worth the price because of what it provides to you. You can buy it from Amazon. You get a money back guarantee in case this product does not work for you. You will only be required to pay for the shipping cost.
From this review, you now know about this products benefits, side effects and cost. It is time that you give it a shot. You purchase it in online store like Amazon. This product will help you to boost your memory and increase your concentration. You can say goodbye to memory loss in an easy way.
As your loved ones age, the things that they usually do for themselves can become harder to do. They might have a hard time cooking, taking care of their personal hygiene, and doing other simple things around the house. If you find that your loved ones need help more often, you might have to look into facilities offering assisted living, Scottsdale area.
Unless you are constantly in touch with your parent or aging loved one, it might not be easy to tell whether they need more help. Here are some of the signs that you can look for in order to determine whether you should enroll them into a facility specializing in assisted living, Scottsdale.
1. Weight loss When an aging loved one suddenly losses weight your initial reaction might be to think that they are ill. While that assumption cannot be ruled out altogether, you might want to check their refrigerator first. People who go to assisted living, Scottsdale, are usually people who have a hard time doing simple things on their own like cooking. So they order food to go or just eat whatever is easy to cook. Some dont even bother cooking or eating because its too hard. Before you think of illness as the cause of weight loss, check out your loved ones pantry or ref if it is empty or if there are many spoiled foods.
2. Bumps, cuts, and bruises Check if your loved ones are often bumping into things or getting cuts and bruises more often. This could be a sign that their motor functions or eyesight are weak and they need the help of people from facilities offering assisted living Scottsdale .
3. Wearing the same clothes If you find that your loved one keeps wearing the same clothes over and over, they might be having a hard time with their laundry and cleaning. Facilities specializing in assisted living, Scottsdale area, have adequate staff that can clean their clothes for them.
4. Personal hygiene - Things like showering or bathing, brushing their teeth, and other personal hygiene may take a backseat when your loved ones have weakened control of their motor functions. Their hands might not be as strong as they used to so they need help performing even the simplest personal hygiene routines.
5. Forgetfulness Forgetfulness comes naturally as people age. When your loved one starts forgetting things more often, it might be time to put them in assisted living facilities. Someone there can help them remember the things that they need to do in order to live.
Typically, obtaining away from bench scene is vital when
stopping smoking. This will save the money that would have been spent
smoking as well as consuming for enough vital points.
It is likewise important to keep in mind that just what you
don't spend on smoking, you have for all of the normal house costs. You
will see an instant enhancement in your regular monthly spending plan.
Another concern that normally turns up as someone is intending
to give up smoking is connecting to the typical "regulations" to
acknowledge while stopping smoking. Below are particular methods to be
While discarding all cigarettes, stay conscious of the
temptation to not toss them away yet to keep them concealed somewhere.
This will certainly have this concept already in thoughts when the
You have actually reacted "yes" to the questions that
determined you had the excellent spirit to thrive at giving up smoking.
Choose a close friend that will certainly likewise respond to "yes" to
these questions as they will certainly likewise seem inclined to thrive
at giving up smoking.
Do you would like to save cash?
Remember additionally that the quicker you quit smoking, the
better your health will be, and also think of exactly how useful that
will be when you obtain older. If you can avoid horrendous medical
facility and also medical expenses, you'll absolutely thank on your own
for the smart choice.
You have actually currently started the initial step towards
stopping smoking by reading on it. Possibly more inquiries will appear
and also a various method you need to profit yourself is by approaching
this objective with a pal that will have similar objectives.
Remember the inquiries you replied to simply a bit ago?
For a lot of folks, it is feasible to quit smoking absolutely
free. It is unnecessary to place in a great deal of cash money
preparing to quit smoking. Complying with are some pointers to handle
It is not essential to get intricate gadgets or expensive
medication to be effective with smoking cessation. All one has to do is
set the schedule as well as stay with it as considerably as feasible
for a favorable outcome.
Is it possible to quit smoking for free?
Sometimes a "companion system" is a good solution while
approaching an ambition that needs a smart and thrifty nature. Though
you would eventually give up smoking on your own, it makes good sense
to come with an individual on the same development to go over
difficulties as they turn up. Be cautious to choose similar friends and
stay clear of individuals that are negligent or foolhardy, as they
would certainly drive you away tackling your goals.
Do you desire your total health and wellness to improve?
Now, you could be conscious of the actions you ought to take
to stop smoking. Do not be surprised if you come up with an inquiry
that hasn't been answered here. Complying with are three normal
concerns that pop up with stopping smoking.
By now, you could be watchful of the actions you ought to take
to stop smoking. Complying with are 3 typical inquiries that pop up
with stopping smoking:
For the majority of people, it is feasible to give up smoking
cost-free. It is unnecessary to place in a lot of cash preparing to
give up smoking. You would ultimately give up smoking by on your own,
it makes feeling to accompany an individual on the same progression to
go over obstacles as they come up.
Anxiety disorders are among the most common psychological disorders. Despite the availability of treatment and therapy, people who have already advanced to the chronic stage may find it difficult to manage their anxiety and may already have a negative view of the world.
Whether you are constantly worried about your job performance or the security of your marriage, the only way you can overcome your episodes of anxiety is to determine what triggers it.
Here are the top 8 offenders that could trigger your anxiety attacks. These triggers can range from anywhere between physical problems, substance use and psychological problems.
People who are diagnosed with anxiety are often told to stay away from coffee. This is because caffeine is a stimulant, and drinking it may cause you to be jittery. Studies show that caffeine triggers the body's fight or flight response which may very well trigger an anxiety attack. Consuming too much coffee cannot only keep you up at night, but may leave you feeling moody and nervous as well.
2: Drugs and Alcohol
Research shows that those who have social anxiety disorder are three times more likely to have problems with alcohol intake and drug abuse as well. The adverse effects of these substances may lead to anxiety attacks. Also studies discovered that alcoholics are more likely to experience the more severe side of anxiety, as well as other emotional and health problems. Anxiety, when paired with drugs and alcohol, can be deadly.
3: Heart Problems
No, it's not heartbreak that causes anxiety attacks but rather, heart problems in the medical sense. Panic attacks may carry symptoms similar to heart attacks such as clammy hands and shortness of breath. In fact, one-third of those who have experienced heart attacks or have undergone heart surgery have reported experiencing shortness of breath and heart palpitations two common symptoms of anxiety disorder.
There are certain medications that have ugly side effects, and these can trigger some anxiety symptoms. Medications for asthma and thyroid are some prescription medications to watch out for, as well as some over-the-counter cold remedies and decongestants.
On the other hand, a sudden stop in taking medications prescribed for anxiety may also be the culprit behind anxiety attacks.
5: Personality Factors
Previous studies have pointed that there are people with certain personality traits that are more susceptible to anxiety attacks. For example, people who were extreme perfectionists during childhood may carry it on to adulthood and contribute to their anxiety disorder.
Anxiety is almost always paired with stress, with the latter being one of the most common causes of anxiety symptoms. Being stressed out may lead you to engage in behaviors that may become triggers for anxiety attacks. Among these are alcohol intake, drug abuse and smoking. When anxiety attacks and stress combine, the results are stomach-ache, dry mouth, dizziness, sweating and headache.
7: Thyroid Gland
Your thyroid gland produces bodily hormones that help in regulating your energy levels and metabolism. Too much of these hormones can trigger anxiety symptoms such as irritability, nervousness, sleeplessness and heart palpitations. A cause of great concern is when you also begin to experience fatigue, weakness, heat intolerance, weight loss and swelling around the neck area where your thyroid gland is located.
8: Weight Loss Supplements
There is a reason why people often get warned about taking over-the-counter weight loss supplements. Many of these produce side effects that also trigger anxiety symptoms. Green tea extracts contain caffeine, while Saint John's wort may cause insomnia. Another common ingredient is guarana, which contains a huge amount of caffeine, and ephedra which is a known trigger for anxiety symptoms and increased heart rate.
In addition to knowing the triggers of your anxiety attacks, it's important to know that you can easily get help in case your anxiety worsens. Aside from getting help from licensed professionals, an efficient support system is needed from which you can gain the strength to overcome your anxiety or worries and start treating the world as not a bad place after all.
In 2008, an estimated 1.4 million Americans met the criteria for cocaine abuse/dependence in the past 12 months (National Institute on Drug Abuse, 2010). Excessive and repeated cocaine consumption poses a major public health concern, as it is associated with psychological (eg, panic, mania, dysphoria, and paranoia) and social (eg, crime) consequences and has the potential of provoking physiological problems, including cardiovascular and neurological complications and human immunodeficiency virus (National Institute on Drug Abuse, 2010; Schwartz et al., 2010). Cocaine is a potent dopamine transporter inhibitor, which has been shown, in animals, to acutely increase dopamine release in the mesocorticolimbic brain reward system, and conversely, to cause hypodopaminergic activity in the prefrontal cortex when administered chronically (Volkow et al., 1997; Dackis and O'Brien, 2001; Goldstein and Volkow, 2011). Consistently, cocaine use disorder (CUD; abuse/dependence) has been shown, albeit inconsistently, to be associated with deficits in attention, working memory, problem solving, and impulse-related cognitive functions (Moeller et al., 2005; Kalapatapu et al., 2011; Madoz-Gurpide et al., 2011; Albein-Urios et al., 2012). In addition, CUD has been regularly associated with episodic memory deficits and, less consistently, with impaired visuospatial abilities (van Gorp et al., 1999; Selby and Azrin, 1998; Simon et al., 2002; Cunha et al., 2004; Sanchez de Leon et al., 2009). However, it remains to be determined which of these cognitive functions are the most prominently compromised by cocaine. Finally, there is a lack of consensus on the length of the residual cognitive effects of cocaine persisting after acute withdrawal (Beatty et al., 1995; Roselli and Ardila, 1996; Roselli et al., 2001; Browndyke et al., 2004; Van der Plas et al., 2009).
A previous meta-analysis (Jovanovski et al., 2005) attempted to demystify the relationship between cocaine and cognitive dysfunction. Results from this meta-analysis revealed greatest impairment on specific subscores from various tests measuring attention, visual memory, and working memory. Minimal dysfunction was found among tests assessing verbal fluency and visuospatial functions. Finally, tests of executive function revealed mixed findings. Although these findings clearly helped clarify how cocaine affects cognitive function, a number of methodological limitations from this meta-analysis make it difficult to draw definite conclusions on the relationship between cocaine and cognition.
The above-mentioned meta-analysis thoroughly assessed cognition by calculating how different subscores from various neuropsychological tests were affected by cocaine. However, by regrouping studies based on test subscores instead of regrouping studies based on cognitive domains (eg, executive functions, attention, working memory, etc), the analysis produced an abundant number of effect-size estimates based on a limited number of studies. With the publication of numerous studies on the cognitive consequences of cocaine since 2005, it is now feasible to regroup neuropsychological subscores into cognitive domains, an approach that may be methodologically advantageous, as it confers greater statistical power. Another methodological limitation of the previous meta-analysis on cocaine is the lack of consideration for length of abstinence. The analysis included cocaine abusers with a wide range of abstinence duration, varying from zero days to many months. Comparing subjects with variable abstinence durations on neuropsychological test performance makes it difficult to interpret study findings, particularly in the case of cognitive processes associated with small effect-size estimates, as these results may be due to performance normalization after long-term abstinence. A recent meta-analysis on alcohol and cognition by our group showed that the partitioning of studies based on length of abstinence is a valid approach that helps reducing heterogeneity, and that the length of abstinence can greatly affect cognitive performance, with greater abstinence duration revealing amelioration of cognitive function (Stavro et al., 2013). Last, the previous cocaine meta-analysis did not include studies that were primarily designed to assess impulse- or reward-related functions in cocaine abusers by using cognitive tasks measuring response inhibition, decision-making, or delayed-reward discounting.
This current meta-analysis aimed to clarify the relationship between cocaine and cognitive dysfunction by performing a systematic quantitative review of the literature. Particular focus was placed on conducting an analysis based on cognitive domains rather than individual cognitive test subscores, on taking into consideration the effects of abstinence duration on cognitive dysfunction, and honing in on the relationship between cocaine and impulse-/reward-related functions, as measured with cognitive tasks.